Ephesus bore the title of "the first and greatest metropolis of Asia". The population of Ephesus has been estimated to be in the range of 400,000 to 500,000 inhabitants in the year 100 AD, making it the largest city in Roman Asia and one of the largest cities of the day. Ephesus also had several major bath complexes, built at various points while the city was under Roman rule. The city had one of the most advanced aqueduct systems in the ancient world, superior to any modern system in the region today. It was amazing to see how the community worked from the remaining ruins. We were able to see how they laid underground pipes for water, games people played (one resembling Backgammon!), the theaters where political and entertainment festivities were held.